Abstract—This paper presents a low-cost and highperformance hardware design of forward
transform and quantization (FTQ) for an H. 264/AVC encoder. To minimize the hardware
imple-mentation cost, in this design we use only one unified architecture of 1D transform
engine to perform all transform processes. While the performance of the design is improved
by using a fast architecture of the multiplier in the quantizer. Furthermore, this architecture
also enables to share the common part among multipliers that have the same multiplicand ...